One of the most common and well spread diseases in horses is strangles. This horse disease has spread world wide and it is one of the most highly contagious and diagnosed diseases affecting horses. This disease is normally seen in young horses. It is rapidly spread by the direct touch with nasal discharge and excreted pus.
Strangle is a bacterial disease that infects the respiratory tract that finally results in swelling. The bacteria Streptococcus equi is responsible for this horse disease. This disease being a infectious horse disease spread like a fire with in a few days. Usually these bacteria come in contact with water tube, utensil, bedding and others and contaminate them. They generally settle in the lymph node or the tonsil area entering from the backside of the throat. And slowly they graduate to the head and neck region from the lymph node causing swelling and some characteristic disease. Recovery is very much possible and after recovery life long immunity can also develop.
Strangle has many symptoms, which include fever with poor appetite. Nasal discharge is one of the most important symptoms of this horse disease; this discharge starts as watery solutions and steadily turns to mucous. Enlargement of the lymph node under the lower jaw can also be seen. Head carriage tends to be stiffer, difficulty in swallowing food, and occasional coughs are also noticed. This horse disease can further result in pleuritis, aspiration pneumonia, and can even damage the brain.
The swollen lymph node below the jaw can point to many respiratory diseases so proper diagnosis should be conducted when you see the symptoms and then start the proper treatment to fight this horse disease. The treatment should include regular cleaning up of nostrils, padding the swellings with hot water, and providing soft food that can be swallowed easily. Since, the organism is easily transmitable so proper and strict hygiene measures should be taken. You can treat this horse disease by potassium penicillin and fluid. In strict cases, if the disease spreads to lungs or abdomen or lungs, antibiotics should be used.
Preventive measures are very important, as this horse disease is easily transmitted from the affected horses to the other horses. No new horses should be introduced in the herd or the area where this horse disease has been reported. The affected horses should be completely isolated to ensure that healthy horses are not affected with the disease. The other horses that are in contact should be quarantined and watched carefully. Proper vaccination should be maintained.